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Understanding Lateral Epicondylitis: Your Guide to Tennis Elbow Recovery

(person grabbing painful elbow)

Lateral epicondylitis, commonly known as tennis elbow, is a condition that affects many individuals, not just tennis players. The pain and discomfort experienced in the outer part of the elbow can significantly impact daily activities and limit participation in sports or hobbies. In this blog post, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for lateral epicondylitis, empowering you to take control of your recovery journey. Let's dive into the world of tennis elbow and find effective solutions for pain relief and rehabilitation.

1. Understanding Lateral Epicondylitis:

Lateral epicondylitis is a condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the tendons on the outer part of the elbow. Despite its name, tennis elbow can occur due to various activities involving repetitive wrist and arm movements. It often affects individuals engaged in sports, manual labor, or occupations that require repetitive gripping or lifting motions.

2. Recognizing the Symptoms:

The primary symptom of lateral epicondylitis is pain and tenderness on the outer side of the elbow. You may experience discomfort when lifting objects, gripping, or performing repetitive motions. The pain can radiate to the forearm and may worsen with activities involving wrist extension or gripping. It is essential to seek early diagnosis and treatment to prevent further progression and chronic pain.

3. Causes and Risk Factors:

The repetitive stress placed on the tendons of the forearm muscles is the main cause of lateral epicondylitis. Activities such as playing tennis, painting, typing, gardening, or using hand tools can contribute to the development of the condition. Additionally, factors like poor technique, inadequate warm-up, improper equipment, and muscular imbalances can increase the risk of developing tennis elbow.

4. Treatment Options for Tennis Elbow:

a) Rest and Activity Modification: Giving your elbow adequate rest and avoiding activities that aggravate the symptoms is crucial for healing. Modify your activities or use equipment that reduces strain on the affected tendons.

b) Physical Therapy: A physical therapist will assess your condition and design a personalized treatment plan. They may use techniques like manual therapy, therapeutic exercises, stretching, and strengthening exercises to alleviate pain, promote healing, and restore function.

c) Pain Management: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or topical analgesics may be recommended to manage pain and reduce inflammation. Your healthcare provider can guide you on the appropriate medications for your specific situation.

d) Bracing or Orthotics: Wearing a brace or using an orthotic device can provide support and relieve stress on the tendons during activities. Your physical therapist can help determine the best type of brace for your condition.

5. Prevention Strategies:

To prevent lateral epicondylitis or reduce the risk of recurrence, consider the following strategies:

a) Warm-up: Prior to engaging in physical activities or sports, warm-up exercises that target the forearm and wrist can help prepare your muscles and tendons for the demands of the activity.

b) Technique and Ergonomics: Whether it's playing tennis, typing, or using hand tools, ensure you are using proper technique and ergonomics to minimize stress on the tendons.

c) Strength and Flexibility: Incorporate exercises that strengthen and stretch the forearm muscles into your fitness routine. This can help improve muscle balance and reduce the risk of overloading the tendons.

d) Gradual Progression: Avoid sudden increases in activity intensity or duration. Gradually progress your training or work activities to allow your tendons to adapt and avoid overuse.

Lateral epicondylitis, or tennis elbow, can be a frustrating and painful condition. However, with proper understanding, early intervention, and appropriate treatment, you can overcome it. Remember to listen to your body, rest when needed, and seek guidance from a healthcare professional, particularly a physical therapist specializing in sports injuries and musculoskeletal conditions, like those at Nashville PT. By incorporating rest, rehabilitation exercises, and preventive measures into your routine, you can effectively manage lateral epicondylitis and return to the activities you love.


1. Bisset, L., Beller, E., Jull, G., Brooks, P., & Darnell, R. (2006). Mobilisation with movement and exercise, corticosteroid injection, or wait and see for tennis elbow: randomised trial. BMJ (Clinical research ed.), 333(7575), 939.

2. Coombes, B. K., Bisset, L., & Vicenzino, B. (2009). Efficacy and safety of corticosteroid injections and other injections for management of tendinopathy: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials. The Lancet, 376(9754), 1751-1767.

3. Haahr, J. P., Andersen, J. H., & Ellingsen, T. (2005). Laser treatment of lateral epicondylitis—long-term follow-up. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 15(6), 347-352.

4. Verhaar, J. A., Tennis Elbow Clinical Guideline, Dutch Orthopaedic Association, 2010.

5. Smidt, N., Assendelft, W. J., van der Windt, D. A., Hay, E. M., Buchbinder, R., & Bouter, L. M. (2002). Corticosteroid injections for lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review. Pain, 96(1-2), 23-40.

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